In Python, the if statement is used for conditional execution of code. It allows the program to evaluate if a certain condition is true or false and, based on the result, execute specific blocks of code.
The basic if statement executes a block of code only if the provided condition is true.
The if-else construct evaluates a condition, and if it's true, it executes the block of code under the if. If it's false, it executes the block of code under the else.
For multiple conditions, the if-elif-else construct can be used. It checks conditions sequentially and stops at the first true condition it encounters.
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